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Baalbeck in History

Baalbak Castle

Baalbek has benefited throughout its long history of this unique location for the station will be an important historical and religious arguing remarkable. After that the king of the Romans the region in the mid-first century BC. M.. Was created by the emperor, “Augustus” colonies of Beirut and Baalbek in 15 BC. M. . Given the importance of the city economic and religious foundations of Augustus, the draft makes a great from Baalbek interface propaganda picture emerges Azmthaoukdrtha Rome and among the traders and pilgrims who come spread the image of those at home. This was part of the state policy to consolidate control of the Romanian region. The main results of that policy, up from the giant temples of Baalbek, which can be considered the wonders of the ancient world, especially where work has continued and some odd and three centuries of time and sequence to achieve and financed a significant number of senior Roman emperors. And then conquered by the Muslims in (16 e, 637 m) in the era of Umar ibn al-Khattab “by his commander,” Abu Obeid bin wound “may Allah be pleased with him. When he opened the” goats to the religion of the Fatimid caliph, “the city of Damascus in (361 AH, 972 CE) was appointed to” Baalbek ” and automatically by him, and remained a Fatimid year (468 AH, 1075), while income Seljuks. In the year (570 AH, in 1174) captured by Saladin, and then seized by the commander of the Mughal Katbugha year (658 AH, in 1260), and when Qutuz Sultan of Egypt defeated the Mongols in Baalbek, the same year moved to the control of the Mamluks and the Mongol commander income of Tamerlane year (803 AH, in 1400) but returned to the custody of the Mamluks, again, and remained under their rule until the year (992 AH, 1516 AD), when Sultan Selim I open the Levant. In (1344 e , 1920 AD) declared the state of “Greater Lebanon” and annexed to Baalbek.

 

The Temple of “Baal shrine – Jupiter”:

Baalbak Castle

“Baal shrine” Baal Marcad is the biggest gods “Der Castle” is well known that the Phoenician people was not calling a spade because the gods in this and having to answer the call and this is contrary to the respect that summarized by the gods, so deliberately to the people of Phoenician gods Tlguib some good qualities. (Theo Agio Mono Marcodi). The word “Baal” means “god” but the word “shrine is derived from the reaction in the Phoenician language means” shake “that” focused “, which is closest to the meaning of” lay “or” stagnated “in Aramaic. Thus the” Baal Mrcode “is the God who tremble from the earth, which the god of divine power. In the Aramaic language the word “lay” their meaning “dance” and so on, “the Baal Mrcode” means “god of dance, singing, playing musical instruments.” God is the Holy One Mrcode (Theo Agio Mono Marcodi) and this is evident in the inscriptions The castle and monastery that “Baal shrine” made himself many titles “as a wine” and “King of banquets,” and others. Known as the Temple “Baal shrine” today “castle”, and is part of the monastery of Saint John of the Maronite community Msthra as “Der Castle.” The temple of the most prominent effects found in the “House of Mary” that Hjarth may be the greatest since the magnitude similar to Castle Rock and columns of Baalbek, where the temple is very strong and steadfast so that John in good condition.
May be Roman temples of Baalbek, shape and decoration. However, it is scrutinizing stare at the design and some details he must observe a lot of influences by the local Commissioner. There is no doubt that these effects were caused by the direct intervention of the priesthood by BRE in planning new structures in order to conform with the requirements of local worship, particularly since the Romans were keen not to alienate the local population in religious matters. The “Jupiter,” Roman was nothing more than cover for the “select” the god of thunder and lightning based, and “Zahra” Romanian were not only facet of the pain of the Syrian goddess, and “Mercury”, which was not only the image of God Baalbaki young man who was dominated by crops and herds which constitute the wealth of Baalbek in those days.

 

The Temple of “Bacchus”:

Baalbak Castle

 

Temple of Bacchus: the best structure for governor in the Middle East even today, that is smaller than the Temple of Jupiter, but larger than the Parthenon in Athens. Did not reach historians and experts today to find out the target of the building or any worship was dedicated, and these terms are still vague in history.  The history of the Temple of Bacchus to the second century AD. Have been able to resist the time and has maintained many of the features first. Features Bbwabth giant with a height of 13 meters and six meters, located on the platform height of five meters. Including the temple columns connected crowns decorated. In the south-eastern tower of the temple a shift in the Mamluk period in the fifteenth century into a fortress home to the governor.

 

 

 

The Temple of “Venus”:

Baalbak Castle

Structure of Venus: It is a building with a dome is located in the south-east of the site, around the Byzantines to the Church of Saint Barbara . Roman Emperor Theodosius destroyed the temple altars of Jupiter and used stones to build a large cathedral above, you can see remnants near the stairway structure can also see the remnants of Umayyad Mosque near the entrance Alokrpaulss . It was during the Arab conquests immunization remains of the structure and the Arabs called the region the name of the castle. Powerful earthquakes hit the Baalbek ruins completely erased, but that in the nineteenth century, Germany began his mission work drilling and rebuild what can be salvaged from the remnants of the city. Thus, thanks to the work of archaeologists Lebanese, French and Germans, we can see now in the grandeur of history, and speculate what it was this city’s glory and status. There are remains of the temple was the fourth major one over the hills to the south of the city known as the Temple of Mercury “Mercure” and the Temple of another Ras al-Ain spring, a temple, “Neptune”. As you know, Baalbek, a significant number of Islamic monuments serves as Ms. Khawla, the Grand Mosque, which dates to the beginnings of construction Umayyad era, with some archaeological evidence that he built in the site of the Romanian public, inclusive of the river, Hanbali mosque, chapel, mosque, school Romani. Can not be anyone to visit Baalbek without Tassagah the greatness of this city temples surrounding the secrets and the size of stones and engineering techniques used to build these magnificent stone monument, the most important stone pregnant, the largest stone in the world. The Municipality has also the rehabilitation and restoration of the old market to become a traditional market in the city and provision for pedestrians and the municipality is a comprehensive study for the rehabilitation of the center for pedestrians and visitors