Baalbeck in History
Baalbek has benefited throughout its long history of this unique location for the station will be an important historical and religious arguing remarkable. After that the king of the Romans the region in the mid-first century BC. M.. Was created by the emperor, “Augustus” colonies of Beirut and Baalbek in 15 BC. M. . Given the importance of the city economic and religious foundations of Augustus, the draft makes a great from Baalbek interface propaganda picture emerges Azmthaoukdrtha Rome and among the traders and pilgrims who come spread the image of those at home. This was part of the state policy to consolidate control of the Romanian region. The main results of that policy, up from the giant temples of Baalbek, which can be considered the wonders of the ancient world, especially where work has continued and some odd and three centuries of time and sequence to achieve and financed a significant number of senior Roman emperors. And then conquered by the Muslims in (16 e, 637 m) in the era of Umar ibn al-Khattab “by his commander,” Abu Obeid bin wound “may Allah be pleased with him. When he opened the” goats to the religion of the Fatimid caliph, “the city of Damascus in (361 AH, 972 CE) was appointed to” Baalbek ” and automatically by him, and remained a Fatimid year (468 AH, 1075), while income Seljuks. In the year (570 AH, in 1174) captured by Saladin, and then seized by the commander of the Mughal Katbugha year (658 AH, in 1260), and when Qutuz Sultan of Egypt defeated the Mongols in Baalbek, the same year moved to the control of the Mamluks and the Mongol commander income of Tamerlane year (803 AH, in 1400) but returned to the custody of the Mamluks, again, and remained under their rule until the year (992 AH, 1516 AD), when Sultan Selim I open the Levant. In (1344 e , 1920 AD) declared the state of “Greater Lebanon” and annexed to Baalbek.
“Baal shrine” Baal Marcad is the biggest gods “Der Castle” is well known that the Phoenician people was not calling a spade because the gods in this and having to answer the call and this is contrary to the respect that summarized by the gods, so deliberately to the people of Phoenician gods Tlguib some good qualities. (Theo Agio Mono Marcodi). The word “Baal” means “god” but the word “shrine is derived from the reaction in the Phoenician language means” shake “that” focused “, which is closest to the meaning of” lay “or” stagnated “in Aramaic. Thus the” Baal Mrcode “is the God who tremble from the earth, which the god of divine power. In the Aramaic language the word “lay” their meaning “dance” and so on, “the Baal Mrcode” means “god of dance, singing, playing musical instruments.” God is the Holy One Mrcode (Theo Agio Mono Marcodi) and this is evident in the inscriptions The castle and monastery that “Baal shrine” made himself many titles “as a wine” and “King of banquets,” and others. Known as the Temple “Baal shrine” today “castle”, and is part of the monastery of Saint John of the Maronite community Msthra as “Der Castle.” The temple of the most prominent effects found in the “House of Mary” that Hjarth may be the greatest since the magnitude similar to Castle Rock and columns of Baalbek, where the temple is very strong and steadfast so that John in good condition.
May be Roman temples of Baalbek, shape and decoration. However, it is scrutinizing stare at the design and some details he must observe a lot of influences by the local Commissioner. There is no doubt that these effects were caused by the direct intervention of the priesthood by BRE in planning new structures in order to conform with the requirements of local worship, particularly since the Romans were keen not to alienate the local population in religious matters. The “Jupiter,” Roman was nothing more than cover for the “select” the god of thunder and lightning based, and “Zahra” Romanian were not only facet of the pain of the Syrian goddess, and “Mercury”, which was not only the image of God Baalbaki young man who was dominated by crops and herds which constitute the wealth of Baalbek in those days.